The transformation of Rome from a republic into an empire was one of the most pivotal changes of its era, affecting the course of history for the Mediterranean world. Born at the time of civil and political unrest that embroiled Rome leading up to and surrounding the death of Julius Caesar, the man born Gaius Octavius, or Octavian, was Caesar's great-nephew. This book relates how, through political maneuvering and military prowess, he would become Augustus, the first emperor of the new Roman Empire. The story of how he cemented Rome's power will be of interest to fans of Roman history and casual readers alike. Bibliography, Black-and-White Photographs, Detailed Table of Contents Full-Color Photographs, Further Information Section, Glossary, Index, Sidebars, Websites, Further Reading List, List of Organizations.